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Codificar en Base64 con Java

Si necesitamos en cualquier ocasión codificar los ficheros o texto en Base64 tenemos muchas opciones para hacerlo, una de ellas la alternativa opensource mantenida por Christian d’Heureuse. En realidad nos ofrece muchas alternativas, es decir, hacer lo mismo en varios lenguajes, Java, SQL Server, C, C++, entre otros.. También nos ofrece otros tipos de soluciones si quieren pasar a ver.

La clase es simple, aqui os dejo:

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package comunes;
 
/**
* A Base64 Encoder/Decoder.
*
* <p>
* This class is used to encode and decode data in Base64 format as described in RFC 1521.
*
* <p>
* Home page: <a href="http://www.source-code.biz">www.source-code.biz</a><br>
* Author: Christian d'Heureuse, Inventec Informatik AG, Zurich, Switzerland<br>
* Multi-licensed: EPL/LGPL/AL/BSD.
*
* <p>
* Version history:<br>
* 2003-07-22 Christian d'Heureuse (chdh): Module created.<br>
* 2005-08-11 chdh: Lincense changed from GPL to LGPL.<br>
* 2006-11-21 chdh:<br>
*  &nbsp; Method encode(String) renamed to encodeString(String).<br>
*  &nbsp; Method decode(String) renamed to decodeString(String).<br>
*  &nbsp; New method encode(byte[],int) added.<br>
*  &nbsp; New method decode(String) added.<br>
* 2009-07-16: Additional licenses (EPL/AL) added.<br>
* 2009-09-16: Additional license (BSD) added.<br>
* 2009-09-16: Additional license (BSD) added.<br>
* 2010-01-27: Package name added.<br>
*/
 
public class Base64Coder {
 
// Mapping table from 6-bit nibbles to Base64 characters.
private static char[]    map1 = new char[64];
   static {
      int i=0;
      for (char c='A'; c<='Z'; c++) map1[i++] = c;
      for (char c='a'; c<='z'; c++) map1[i++] = c;
      for (char c='0'; c<='9'; c++) map1[i++] = c;
      map1[i++] = '+'; map1[i++] = '/'; }
 
// Mapping table from Base64 characters to 6-bit nibbles.
private static byte[]    map2 = new byte[128];
   static {
      for (int i=0; i<map2.length; i++) map2[i] = -1;
      for (int i=0; i<64; i++) map2[map1[i]] = (byte)i; }
 
/**
* Encodes a string into Base64 format.
* No blanks or line breaks are inserted.
* @param s  a String to be encoded.
* @return   A String with the Base64 encoded data.
*/
public static String encodeString (String s) {
   return new String(encode(s.getBytes())); }
 
/**
* Encodes a byte array into Base64 format.
* No blanks or line breaks are inserted.
* @param in  an array containing the data bytes to be encoded.
* @return    A character array with the Base64 encoded data.
*/
public static char[] encode (byte[] in) {
   return encode(in,in.length); }
 
/**
* Encodes a byte array into Base64 format.
* No blanks or line breaks are inserted.
* @param in   an array containing the data bytes to be encoded.
* @param iLen number of bytes to process in <code>in</code>.
* @return     A character array with the Base64 encoded data.
*/
public static char[] encode (byte[] in, int iLen) {
   int oDataLen = (iLen*4+2)/3;       // output length without padding
   int oLen = ((iLen+2)/3)*4;         // output length including padding
   char[] out = new char[oLen];
   int ip = 0;
   int op = 0;
   while (ip < iLen) {
      int i0 = in[ip++] & 0xff;
      int i1 = ip < iLen ? in[ip++] & 0xff : 0;
      int i2 = ip < iLen ? in[ip++] & 0xff : 0;
      int o0 = i0 >>> 2;
      int o1 = ((i0 &   3) << 4) | (i1 >>> 4);
      int o2 = ((i1 & 0xf) << 2) | (i2 >>> 6);
      int o3 = i2 & 0x3F;
      out[op++] = map1[o0];
      out[op++] = map1[o1];
      out[op] = op < oDataLen ? map1[o2] : '='; op++;
      out[op] = op < oDataLen ? map1[o3] : '='; op++; }
   return out; }
 
/**
* Decodes a string from Base64 format.
* @param s  a Base64 String to be decoded.
* @return   A String containing the decoded data.
* @throws   IllegalArgumentException if the input is not valid Base64 encoded data.
*/
public static String decodeString (String s) {
   return new String(decode(s)); }
 
/**
* Decodes a byte array from Base64 format.
* @param s  a Base64 String to be decoded.
* @return   An array containing the decoded data bytes.
* @throws   IllegalArgumentException if the input is not valid Base64 encoded data.
*/
public static byte[] decode (String s) {
   return decode(s.toCharArray()); }
 
/**
* Decodes a byte array from Base64 format.
* No blanks or line breaks are allowed within the Base64 encoded data.
* @param in  a character array containing the Base64 encoded data.
* @return    An array containing the decoded data bytes.
* @throws    IllegalArgumentException if the input is not valid Base64 encoded data.
*/
public static byte[] decode (char[] in) {
   int iLen = in.length;
   if (iLen%4 != 0) throw new IllegalArgumentException ("Length of Base64 encoded input string is not a multiple of 4.");
   while (iLen > 0 && in[iLen-1] == '=') iLen--;
   int oLen = (iLen*3) / 4;
   byte[] out = new byte[oLen];
   int ip = 0;
   int op = 0;
   while (ip < iLen) {
      int i0 = in[ip++];
      int i1 = in[ip++];
      int i2 = ip < iLen ? in[ip++] : 'A';
      int i3 = ip < iLen ? in[ip++] : 'A';
      if (i0 > 127 || i1 > 127 || i2 > 127 || i3 > 127)
         throw new IllegalArgumentException ("Illegal character in Base64 encoded data.");
      int b0 = map2[i0];
      int b1 = map2[i1];
      int b2 = map2[i2];
      int b3 = map2[i3];
      if (b0 < 0 || b1 < 0 || b2 < 0 || b3 < 0)
         throw new IllegalArgumentException ("Illegal character in Base64 encoded data.");
      int o0 = ( b0       <<2) | (b1>>>4);
      int o1 = ((b1 & 0xf)<<4) | (b2>>>2);
      int o2 = ((b2 &   3)<<6) |  b3;
      out[op++] = (byte)o0;
      if (op<oLen) out[op++] = (byte)o1;
      if (op<oLen) out[op++] = (byte)o2; }
   return out; }
 
// Dummy constructor.
private Base64Coder() {}
 
} // end class Base64Coder
15 Febrero 2010

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